16:4. “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks a sign, and a sign shall not be given it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.” Jesus left them and went away.
16:5. When His disciples crossed over the sea, they had forgotten to take bread.
16:6. Jesus said to them, “Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
According to the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, “leaven” can also mean “An element, influence, or agent that works subtly to lighten, enliven, or modify a whole.
16:7. But they thought to themselves that Jesus said it because they had not taken bread.
16:8. Jesus, knowing it, asked, “Why do you think to yourselves, O you of little faith, that I said it because you have no bread?
16:9. “Do you not yet understand, neither do you remember the five loaves among five thousand men, and how many baskets you filled?
16:10. “Nor the seven loaves among four thousand men, and how many baskets you filled?
16:11. “Why do you not understand that it was not concerning bread that I said to you, 'Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?'”
16:12. Then they understood that Jesus did not that say they should beware of the leaven of bread, but beware of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
16:13. Jesus came into the quarters of Caesarea Philippi, and He asked His disciples, “Whom do men say that the Son of Man is?”
16:14. They said, “Some say John the Baptist, some say Elijah, and others say Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”
16:15. Jesus said to them, “But whom do you say that I am?”
16:16. Simon Peter answered, “You are Christ, the Son of the Living God.”
16:17. Jesus said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, because flesh and blood has not revealed it to you, but My Father in Heaven.
16:18. “I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this Rock I will build My church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
You are Peter, etc. . .As St. Peter, by divine revelation, here made a solemn profession of his faith of the divinity of Christ; so in recompense of this faith and profession, our Lord here declares to him the dignity to which He is pleased to raise him, viz., that he to whom He had already given the name of Peter, signifying a rock, St. John 1:42, should be a rock indeed, of invincible strength, for the support of the building of the Church; in which building he should be, next to Christ Himself, the chief foundation stone, in quality of chief pastor, ruler, and governor; and should have accordingly all fullness of ecclesiastical power, signified by the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. Upon this rock, etc. . .The words of Christ to Peter, spoken in the language of the Jews which our Lord made use of, were the same as if he had said in English, “You are a Rock, and upon this rock I will build My church.” So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter is here declared to be the rock, upon which the Church was to be built; Christ Himself being both the principal foundation and founder of the same. Where also note, that Christ, by building his house, that is, his church, upon a rock, has thereby secured it against all storms and floods, like the wise builder, St. Matt. 7. 24, 25. The gates of hell, etc. . .That is, the powers of darkness, and whatever Satan can do, either by himself, or his agents. For as the Church is here likened to a house or fortress built on a rock; so the adverse powers are likened to a contrary house or fortress, the gates of which, that is, the whole strength, and all the efforts it can make, will never be able to prevail over the city or Church of Christ. By this promise we are fully assured, that neither idolatry, heresy, nor any pernicious error whatever shall at any time prevail over the Church of Christ.
16:19. “I give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. Whatever you shall bind upon earth shall be bound also in Heaven, and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed also in Heaven.”
Loose on earth. . .The loosing the bands of temporal punishments due to sins, is called an indulgence; the power of which is here granted.
16:20. Then Jesus commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was the Christ.
16:21. From that time, Jesus began to reveal to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, suffer many things from the ancients and scribes and chief priests, be put to death, and on the third day rise again.
16:22. Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Jesus, saying, “Lord, be it far from You; this shall not be done to You.”
Peter taking Him. . .That is, taking Him aside out of a tender love, respect and zeal for his Lord and Master's honor, began to expostulate with Him, as it were to rebuke Him, saying, “Lord, far be it from You to suffer death;” but the Lord said to Peter, ver. 23, “Get out of My way, adversary.”
16:23. Jesus, turning to Peter, said, “Get behind me, Satan; you are a scandal to Me because you do not savor the things that are of God, but the things that are of men.”
16:24. Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If any man will come after Me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me.
16:25. “For he that will save his life shall lose it, and he that shall lose his life for My sake shall find it.
16:26. “For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and suffers the loss of his own soul? Or what exchange shall a man give for his soul?
16:27. “For the Son of Man shall come in the glory of His Father with His Angels, and then will He render to every man according to his works.
16:28. “Amen I say to you, there are some of them that stand here that shall not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His Kingdom.”
The Transfiguration of Christ; He cures the lunatic child, foretells His Passion, and pays the didrachma.
17:1. After six days, Jesus took Peter and James, and John, his brother, and brought them up onto a high mountain away from the rest.
17:2. He was transfigured before them. His face shone as the sun, and His garments became white as snow.
17:3. Behold there appeared to them Moses and Elijah talking with Him.
17:4. Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles, one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
17:5. As he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. A voice came out of the cloud saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; listen to Him.”
17:6. When the disciples heard this, they fell upon their faces, and were very much afraid.
17:7. Jesus came and touched them, and said to them, “Arise, and do not fear.”
17:8. When they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus by Himself.
17:9. As they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, “Tell the vision to no man until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.”
17:10. His disciples asked Him, “Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”
17:11. But Jesus answered them, “Elijah indeed shall come, and restore all things.
17:12. “But I say to you, that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man shall suffer from them.”
17:13. Then the disciples understood that Jesus had spoken to them about John the Baptist.
17:14. When He came to the multitude, a man came and falling down on his knees before Jesus said, “Lord, have pity on my son, for he is a lunatic and suffers much, for he falls often into the fire, and often into the water.
17:15. “I brought him to Your disciples, and they could not cure him.”
17:16. Then Jesus replied, “O unbelieving and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I endure you? Bring him here to Me.”
17:17. Jesus rebuked the devil, the devil went out of the child, and the child was cured from that hour.
17:18. Then the disciples came to Jesus secretly and said, “Why could we not cast him out?”
17:19. Jesus said to them, “Because of your unbelief. For, amen I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you shall say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it shall move, and nothing shall be impossible for you.
As a grain of mustard seed. . .That is, a perfect faith; which in its properties, and its fruits, resembles the grain of mustard seed, in the parable, Matt. 13:31.
17:20. “But this kind is only cast out by prayer and fasting.”
17:21. When they conversed together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man shall be betrayed into the hands of men,
17:22. “they shall kill Him, and on the third day He shall rise again.” They were exceedingly troubled.
17:23. When they came to Capernaum, those who collect the Temple tax in didrachmas came to Peter and said to him, “Does your Master pay the didrachma?”
The didrachmas. . .A didrachma was half a sicle, or half a stater; it was worth two days' wages, and a tax for this amount was levied upon every head for the service of the Temple.
17:24. He said, “Yes.” When Peter was coming into the house, Jesus stopped him, saying, “What is your opinion, Simon? Of whom do the kings of the earth receive tribute or custom: of their own children or of strangers?”
17:25. Peter said, “Of strangers.” Jesus said to him, “Then the children are free.
Unlike many modern governments, many nations in Biblical times obtained much of their tax money by tariffs on imported goods or tribute from countries they had conquered or subdued.
17:26. “But that we may not scandalize them, go to the sea and cast in a hook, take the fish which shall be caught first, and when you have opened its mouth, you shall find a stater; take that, and give it to them for Me and you.”
Christ teaches humility, to beware of scandal, to flee the occasions of sin, to denounce to the church incorrigible sinners, and to look upon such as refuse to hear the Church as heathens. Jesus promises to His disciples the power of binding and loosing and that He will be in the midst of their assemblies. No forgiveness for those who will not forgive.
18:1. At that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Whom do you think is the greater in the kingdom of Heaven?”
18:2. Jesus, calling a little child to Himself, set him in the midst of them.
18:3. He said, “Amen, I say to you, unless you be converted and become as little children, you shall not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
18:4. “Whoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child is the greater in the Kingdom of Heaven.
18:5. “He that shall receive one such little child in My name receives Me.
18:6. “But he that shall scandalize one of these little ones that believes in Me, it would be better for him that a millstone should be hung around his neck and that he should be drowned in the depth of the sea.
Shall scandalize. . .That is, shall put a stumbling block in their way, and cause them to fall into sin.
18:7. “Woe to the world because of scandals. For it is inevitable that scandals come, but nevertheless woe to that man by whom the scandal comes.
18:8. “If your hand or your foot causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you. It is better for you to go into life maimed or lame, than to be cast into everlasting fire with two hands or two feet.
18:9. “If your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life having one eye than to be cast into hell fire with two eyes.
18:10. “See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their Angels in heaven always see the face of My Father in Heaven.
18:11. “For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.
18:12. “What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them should go astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine and go into the mountains to seek that which has gone astray?
18:13. “If he finds it, indeed I tell you, he rejoices more for that than for the ninety-nine that did not go astray.
18:14. “Even so it is not the will of your Father in Heaven that one of these little ones should perish.
18:15. “But if your brother shall offend against you, go, and rebuke him between you and him alone. If he shall listen to you, you shall gain your brother.
18:16. “If he will not listen to you, take with you one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may stand.
18:17. “If he will not listen to them, tell the Church. If he will not listen to the Church, treat him as you would the heathen and publican.
18:18. “Indeed I tell you, whatever you shall bind upon earth shall be bound also in Heaven, and whatever you shall loose upon earth shall be loosed also in Heaven.
18:19. “Again I say to you, that if two of you shall consent upon earth concerning anything whatever they shall ask, it shall be done to them by My Father in Heaven.
18:20. “For where there are two or three gathered together in My name, there am I in the midst of them.
18:21. Then Peter came to Jesus and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother offend against me, and I forgive him? Until seven times?”
18:22. Jesus said to him, “I say to you, not seven times, but seventy times seven times.
18:23. “Therefore the Kingdom of Heaven can be compared to a king who would take an account of his servants.
18:24. “When he had begun to take the account, one was brought to him that owed him ten thousand talents.
Talents. . .A talent was seven hundred and fifty ounces of silver; a talent was 6000 days wages, so ten thousand talents would be roughly 164,383 years' wages.
18:25. “As he did not have the means to pay it, his lord commanded that he should be sold with his wife, his children, and all that he had to make the payment.
18:26. “But that servant fell down and besought him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.'
18:27. “The lord of that servant, being moved with pity, let him go and forgave him the debt.
18:28. “But when that servant had gone out, he found one of his fellow-servants that owed him a hundred days' wages, and laying hold of him, he throttled him, saying, 'Pay what you owe.'
18:29. “His fellow-servant fell down and besought him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.'
18:30. “But he would not, and went and cast him into prison until he paid the debt.
18:31. “Now his fellow servants, seeing what was done, were very much grieved, and they came and told their lord all that was done.
18:32. “Then his lord called him and said to him, 'You wicked servant, I forgave you all the debt because you besought me.
18:33. “'Should you not then have also had compassion on your fellow servant, even as I had compassion on you?'
18:34. “His lord, being angry, delivered him to the torturers until he paid all the debt.
18:35. “So also shall My heavenly Father do to each of you if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”
Christ declares matrimony to be indissoluble; He recommends making one's self an eunuch for the Kingdom of Heaven and parting with all things for Him. He shows the danger of riches and the reward of leaving all to follow Him.
19:1. It came to pass, when Jesus had ended these words, He departed from Galilee and came into the coasts of Judea, beyond Jordan.
19:2. Great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there.
19:3. The Pharisees came to Jesus to test Him, saying, “Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause?”
19:4. Jesus said to them, “Have you not read that He who made man from the beginning made them male and female?”
19:5. “For this reason a man shall leave father and mother and shall be united to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.
19:6. “Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, let no man put asunder.”
19:7. They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to give a bill of divorce and to put her away?”
19:8. He said to them, “Because Moses by reason of the hardness of your heart permitted you to put away your wives, but from the beginning it was not so.
19:9. “I say to you, that whoever shall divorce his wife, except for fornication, and shall marry another commits adultery, and he that shall marry a divorced woman commits adultery.
Except for, etc. . .In the case of fornication, that is, of adultery, the wife may be put away, but even then the husband cannot marry another as long as the wife is living.
19:10. His disciples said to Him, “If the case of a man with his wife be so, it is not expedient to marry.”
19:11. He said to them: “No men at all accept what you just said, except those to whom it is given.”
19:12. “For there are eunuchs who were born so from their mother's womb, and there are eunuchs who were made so by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven. Let He that can accept it accept it.”
There are eunuchs, who have made themselves eunuchs, for the Kingdom of Heaven. . .This text is not to be taken in the literal sense; but means, that there are such, who have taken a firm and commendable resolution of leading a single and chaste life, in order to serve God in a more perfect state than those who marry, as St. Paul clearly shows. 1 Cor. 7:37-38.
19:13. Then little children were presented to Him that He should impose hands upon them and pray. The disciples rebuked them.
19:14. But Jesus said to them, “Permit the little children, and do not forbid them to come to Me, for the Kingdom of Heaven is for such as these.”
19:15. When He had imposed hands upon them, He departed from there.
19:16. Behold one came and said to Him, “Good Master, what good shall I do that I may have everlasting life?”
19:17. Jesus said to him, “Why do you ask Me concerning good? One is good, God. But if you wish to enter into life, keep the Commandments.”
19:18. He said to him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “'You shall not murder,' 'You shall not commit adultery,' 'You shall not steal,' 'You shalt not bear false witness.'
19:19. “'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'”
19:20. The young man said to Him, “I have kept all these from my youth; what do I still lack?”
19:21. Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be perfect, go sell what you have and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in Heaven, and come, follow Me.”
19:22. When the young man heard this, he went away sad, for he had great possessions.
19:23. Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Amen, I say to you, that a rich man shall hardly enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
19:24. “Again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.”
19:25. When they had heard this, the disciples wondered much, saying, “Who then can be saved?”
19:26. Jesus, perceiving this, said to them, “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”
19:27. Then Peter said to Him, “Behold, we have left all things and have followed You; what therefore shall we have?”
19:28. Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man shall sit on the seat of His majesty, you who have followed Me shall also sit on twelve seats judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
19:29. “Everyone that has left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for My name's sake shall receive a hundredfold and shall possess everlasting life.
19:30. “Many that are first shall be last, and the last shall be first.
The parable of the laborers in the vineyard. The ambition of the two sons of Zebedee. Christ gives sight to two blind men.
20:1. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like the master of the household who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.
20:2. “After having agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
20:3. “Going out about the third hour after dawn, he saw others standing idle in the marketplace.
20:4. “He said to them, 'Go into my vineyard too, and I will give you what shall be just.'
20:5. “They went their way. He went out again about the sixth and the ninth hour after dawn, and did it in a similar manner.
20:6. “But about the eleventh hour after dawn he went out and found others standing idle, and he said to them, 'Why did you stand here idle all day?'
20:7. “They said to him, 'Because no man has hired us.' He said to them, 'Go into my vineyard too.'
20:8. “When evening came, the lord of the vineyard said to his steward, 'Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning from the last even to the first.'
20:9. “Those that came about the eleventh hour after dawn received a denarius.
20:10. “But when the first also came, they thought that they should receive more. Every man also received a denarius.
20:11. “After receiving it, they murmured against the master of the house,
20:12. “saying, 'These last have worked but one hour, and you have made them equal to us that have borne the burden of the day and the heat.'
20:13. “But he said to one of them, 'Friend, I do you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius?
20:14. “'Take what is yours and go your way; I will also give to this last one even as to you.
20:15. “'Or, is it not lawful for me to do what I will? Are you envious because I am generous?'
What I will. . .Viz., with my own, and in matters that depend on my own bounty.
20:16. “So shall the last be first and the first last. For many are called but few chosen.”
20:17. Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the Twelve disciples aside and said to them,
20:18. “Behold we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man shall be betrayed to the chief priests and the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death
20:19. “and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles to be mocked and scourged and crucified, and on the third day He shall rise again.”
20:20. Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Him with her sons to adore and ask something of Him.
20:21. Jesus said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to him, “Say that these two sons of mine may sit in Your Kingdom, the one on Your right hand and the other on Your left.”
20:22. Jesus answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Can you drink the chalice that I shall drink?” They said to Him, “We can.”
20:23. He said to them, “My chalice you shall drink indeed, but to sit on my right or left hand is not Mine to give to you, but for those for whom it is prepared by My Father.”
20:24. The ten, hearing it, were moved with indignation against the two brothers.
20:25. But Jesus called them to Him and said, “You know that the princes of the Gentiles lord it over them, and that they that are the greater exercise power upon them.
20:26. “It shall not be so among you, but let whoever is greater among you be your minister.
20:27. “He that will be first among you shall be your servant
20:28. “just as the Son of Man has not come to be ministered to, but to minister and to give His life as a redemption for many.”
20:29. When they went out from Jericho, a great multitude followed Him.
20:30. Behold two blind men sitting by the wayside heard that Jesus passed by. They cried out, “O Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us.”
20:31. The multitude rebuked them that they might be silent, but they cried out even more, “O Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us.”
20:32. Jesus stood and called them and said, “What do you wish that I do to you?”
20:33. They said to him, “Lord, that our eyes be opened.”
20:34. Jesus, having compassion on them, touched their eyes. Immediately they saw and followed Him.
Christ rides into Jerusalem upon a donkey. He casts the buyers and sellers out of the Temple, curses the fig tree, and puts the priests and scribes to silence.
21:1. When they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to Mount Olivet, then Jesus sent two disciples,
21:2. saying to them, “Go into the village that is in front of you, and you shall immediately find a donkey tied there and a colt with her. Loosen them and bring them to Me.
21:3. “If any man shall say anything to you, say that the Lord has need of them. Immediately he will let them go.”
21:4. Now all this was done that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled:
21:5. ”Tell the daughter of Zion: 'Behold your king comes to you, meek and sitting upon a donkey and a colt, the foal of her that is accustomed to the yoke.”
21:6. The disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them.
21:7. They brought the donkey and the colt, upon which they laid their garments and had Him sit.
21:8. A very great multitude spread their garments on the path, and others cut boughs from the trees and strewed them in the way.
21:9. The multitudes that went before and that followed cried, “Hosanna to the Son of David. Blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.”
21:10. When Jesus came into Jerusalem, the whole city was arosed, saying, “Who is this?”
21:11. The people said, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.”
21:12. Jesus went into the Temple of God and cast out all those that sold and bought in the Temple and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of those that sold doves.
21:13. Jesus said to them, “It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves.”
21:14. There came to Him the blind and the lame in the Temple, and Jesus healed them.
21:15. The chief priests and scribes, seeing the wonderful things that Jesus did and the children crying in the Temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” were moved with indignation,
21:16. and said to Him, “Do you hear what these say?” Jesus said to them, “Yes, have you never read, Out of the mouth of infants and of sucklings You have perfected praise?'”
21:17. Leaving them, Jesus went out of the city into Bethany and remained there.
21:18. In the morning, returning into the city, Jesus was hungry.
21:19. Seeing a certain fig tree by the wayside, He came to it and found nothing on it except leaves. Jesus said to it, “May no fruit grow on you ever again.” Immediately the fig tree withered away.
21:20. The disciples, seeing it, wondered, saying, “How did it immediately wither away?”
21:21. Jesus answered them, “Amen, I say to you, if you shall have faith and do not stagger, not only shall you do this with the fig tree, but if you shall say to this mountain, 'Pick yourself up and cast yourself into the sea,' it shall be done too.
21:22. Everything you shall ask in prayer with faith you shall receive.”
21:23. When Jesus came into the Temple, as He was teaching, the chief priests and ancients of the people came to Him, saying, “By what authority do You do these things? Who has given You this authority?”
21:24. Jesus said to them, “I also will ask you one question, and if you shall answer it for Me, I will also tell you by what authority I do these things.
21:25. “From where did the baptism of John come? From heaven or from men?” But they discussed among themselves, saying,
21:26. If we shall say, “From Heaven,” He will say to us, “Why then did you not believe him?” But if we shall say, “From men,” we fear the multitude, for all held John as a prophet.
21:27. They answered Jesus, “We do not know.” He also said to them, “Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
21:28. “But what do you think? A certain man had two sons, and coming to the first, he said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.'
21:29. “The son answered, 'I will not.' But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
21:30. “Coming to the other son, he spoke in a similar manner. He answered, 'I will go, Sir.' Yet, he did not go.
21:31. “Which of the two did the father's will?” They said to him, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Amen I say to you that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
21:32. “For John came to you in the way of justice, and you did not believe him. But the publicans and the harlots believed him, yet you, seeing it, did not even repent afterwards, that you might believe him.
21:33. “Hear another parable. There was a man, a master of a household, who planted a vineyard and made a hedge to encircle it and dug a press in it and built a tower and leased it out to tenants and went into a strange country.
21:34. “When the time of the fruits drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants that they might receive the fruits of it.
21:35. “The tenants seized his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another.
21:36. “Again he sent other servants, more than the former; and they treated them similarly.
21:37. “Last of all he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will reverence my son.'
21:38. “But the tenants, seeing the son, said among themselves, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and we shall have his inheritance.'
21:39. “Taking him, they cast him forth out of the vineyard and killed him.
21:40. “When the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”
21:41. They said to Him, “He will bring those evil men to an evil end and lease out his vineyard to other tenants that shall render him the fruit in due season.”
21:42. Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures: The stone which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone? By the Lord this has been done, and it is wonderful in our eyes.
21:43. “Therefore I say to you that the kingdom of God shall be taken from you and shall be given to a nation yielding the fruits of it.
21:44. “Whoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken, but whomever it shall fall upon shall be ground to powder.”
21:45. When the chief priests and Pharisees had heard His parables, they knew that Jesus was speaking about them.
21:46. They sought to lay hands on Him, but they feared the multitudes because they held Him as a prophet.
The parable of the marriage feast. Christ is questioned about tribute to Caesar. He confutes the Sadducees, shows which is the first commandment in the law, and puzzles the Pharisees.
22:1. Jesus spoke again in parables to them, saying,
22:2. “The Kingdom of Heaven can be compared to a king who made a marriage for his son.
22:3. “He sent his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage, and they would not come.
22:4. “Again he sent other servants, saying, 'Tell those who were invited, “Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my cattle and fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage.”'
22:5. “But they neglected and went their ways, one to his farm and another to his merchandise.
22:6. “The rest laid hands on his servants and, having treated them abusively, put them to death.
22:7. “But when the king had heard of it, he was angry, and sending his armies, he destroyed those murderers and burnt their city.
22:8. “Then he said to his servants, 'The marriage indeed is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy.
22:9. “'Go therefore into the highways; and call to the marriage as many as you shall find.'
22:10. “His servants went out to the roadways and gathered together all that they found, both bad and good, and the marriage was filled with guests.
22:11. “The king went in to see the guests, and he saw a man there who was not wearing a wedding garment.
22:12. “He said to him, 'Friend, how did you come in here not wearing a wedding garment?' But he was silent.
At the time of Christ, all those invited to a wedding were also given a garment to wear at the wedding.
22:13. “Then the king said to the waiters, 'Bind his hands and feet, and cast him into the darkness outside.' There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
22:14. “For many are called, but few are chosen.”
22:15. Then the Pharisees went and consulted among themselves about how to ensnare Jesus in His speech.
22:16. They sent their disciples to Jesus with the Herodians, saying, “Master, we know that You are a true speaker and teach the way of God in truth. Neither do You care for any man, for You do not regard the person of men.
The Herodians. . .That is, some that belonged to Herod, and that joined with him in standing up for the necessity of paying tribute to Caesar, that is, to the Roman emperor.
22:17. “Tell us therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not?”
22:18. But Jesus, knowing their wickedness, said, “Why do you test Me, you hypocrites?
22:19. “Show me the coin of the tribute.” They offered Him a denarius.
22:20. Jesus said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
22:21. They said to Him, “Caesar's.” Then He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and to God the things that are God's.”
22:22. Hearing this, they wondered and, leaving Him, went their ways.
22:23. That day there came to Him the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, and asked Jesus,
22:24. “Master, Moses said, 'If a man die having no son, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up descendants for his brother.'
22:25. “Now there were with us seven brothers, and the first having married a wife, died, and not having children, left his wife to his brother.
22:26. “In a similar manner the second and the third and so on, to the seventh.
22:27. “Last of all the woman also died.
22:28. “At the resurrection therefore, whose wife of the seven shall she be? For they all had been married to her.”
22:29. Jesus said to them, “You err, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.
22:30. “For in the resurrection they shall neither marry nor be married, but shall be as the Angels of God in Heaven.
22:31. “Concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read that which was spoken by God to you:
22:32. I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob? He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living.”
22:33. The multitudes heard it and admired His doctrine.
22:35. One of them, a doctor of the law, testing Jesus, asked Him,
22:36. “Master, which is the great commandment in the law?”
22:37. Jesus said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart and with your whole soul and with your whole mind.
22:38. “This is the greatest and the first commandment.
22:39. “The second is essentially this: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
22:40. “The whole Law and the Prophets are founded on these two commandments.”
22:42. “What do you think of the Messiah? Whose Son is he?” They said to Him, “David's.”
22:43. Jesus said to them, “How then does David in spirit call Him Lord, saying,
22:44. The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit on My right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool?”
22:45. “If David then calls Him Lord, how is He his son?”
22:46. No man was able to answer Him a word, neither did any man dare from that day forth to ask Him any more questions.
Christ admonishes the people to follow the good doctrine, not the bad example of the scribes and Pharisees. He warns His disciples not to imitate their ambition and denounces various woes against them for their hypocrisy and blindness.
23:1. Then Jesus said to the multitudes and to His disciples,
23:3. “Therefore, observe and do in all things whatever they shall say to you, but do not follow according to their works and example. For they do not practice what they preach.
23:4. “For they bind heavy and insupportable burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but will not lift a finger of their own to move them.
23:5. “All their works they do to be seen by men. For they make their phylacteries broad and enlarge their fringes.
Phylacteries. . .that is, parchments, on which they wrote the Ten Commandments, and carried them on their foreheads before their eyes, which the Pharisees affected to wear broader than other men, so to seem more zealous for the law.
23:6. “They love the first places at feasts and the first chairs in the synagogues,
23:7. “and salutations in the market place, and to be called by men, 'Rabbi.'
23:8. “But do not be called 'Rabbi.' For one is your Master, and all of you are brethren.
23:9. “Call none your father upon earth, for one is your Father, who is in Heaven.
23:10. “Neither should you be called masters, for one is your Master, the Messiah.
23:11. “He that is the greatest among you shall be your servant.
23:12. “Whoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.
23:13. “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you bar men from the Kingdom of Heaven, for you yourselves do not enter in and you do not allow those that are going in to enter.
23:14. “Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour the houses of widows, praying long prayers. For this you shall receive the greater judgment.
23:15. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you travel around the sea and the land to make one proselyte. When he is made, you make him the child of Gehenna twice as bad as yourselves.
23:16. “Woe to you, blind guides, that say, 'Whoever shall swear by the Temple, it is nothing; but he that shall swear by the gold of the Temple is a debtor.'
23:17. “You foolish and blind, which is greater: the gold or the Temple that sanctifies the gold?
23:18. “'Whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it is a debtor.'
23:19. “You foolish and blind, which is greater: the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
23:20. “He therefore that swears by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.
23:21. “Whoever shall swear by the Temple swears by it and by Him that dwells in it.
23:22. “He that swears by Heaven swears by the throne of God and by Him that sits upon it.
23:23. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, you tithe mint and anise and cummin and have abandoned the weightier things of the law: judgment and mercy and faith. These things you ought to have done while not omitting those others.
23:24. “Blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel.
23:25. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, you make clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but within, you are full of plunder and intemperance.
23:26. “You blind Pharisee, first make clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, that the outside may become clean.
23:27. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, you are comparable to whited sepulchres, which outwardly appear beautiful to men but within are full of dead men's bones and of all filthiness.
23:28. “So you also outwardly appear to men as just indeed, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
23:29. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, that build the sepulchres of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the just
Build the sepulchres, etc. . .This is not blamed, as if it were in itself evil to build or adorn the monuments of the prophets, but the hypocrisy of the Pharisees is here rebuked who, while they pretended to honor the memory of the prophets, were persecuting the Lord of the prophets.
23:30. “and say, 'If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.'
23:31. “By this you are witnesses against yourselves that you are the sons of those who killed the prophets.
23:32. “Fill up then the measure of your fathers.
23:33. “You serpents, generation of vipers, how will you flee from the judgment of Gehenna?
23:34. “Therefore behold I send to you prophets and wise men and scribes, and some of them you will put to death and crucify, and some you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city
23:35. “that upon you may come all the just blood that has been shed upon the earth, from the blood of Abel, the just, even unto the blood of Zechariah, the son of Barachiah, whom you killed between the Temple and the altar.
23:36. “Amen I say to you, all these things shall come upon this generation.
23:37. “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets and stone them that are sent to you, how often would I have gathered your children together as the hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you would not?
23:38. “Behold, your house shall be left to you desolate.
23:39. “For I say to you, you shall not see Me again until you say, 'Blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord.'”
Christ foretells the destruction of the Temple, with the signs that shall come before it and before the last judgment. We must always watch.
24:1. Jesus, having come out of the Temple, went away. His disciples came to show Him the buildings of the Temple.
24:2. Jesus said to them, “Do you see all these things? Truly I say to you, there shall not be left here a stone upon another stone that shall not be destroyed.”
24:3. When Jesus was sitting on Mount Olivet, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us when shall these things be? What shall be the sign of Your coming and of the consummation of the world?”
24:4. Jesus said to them, “Take heed that no man seduce you.
24:5. “For many will come in My name saying, 'I am the Christ.' They will seduce many.
24:6. “You shall hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled. For these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
24:7. “For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there shall be pestilences and famines and earthquakes in places.
24:8. “Now all these are the beginnings of sorrows.
24:9. “Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted and shall put you to death, and you shall be hated by all nations for My name's sake.
24:10. “Then many shall be scandalized and shall betray one another and shall hate one another.
24:11. “Many false prophets shall rise and shall seduce many.
24:12. “Because iniquity has abounded, the charity of many shall grow cold.
24:13. “But he that shall persevere to the end shall be saved.
24:14. “This Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to all nations, and then shall the consummation come.
24:15. “When therefore you shall see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the Holy Place, let him that reads understand.
24:16. “Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
24:17. “He that is on the housetop should not come down to take anything out of his house;
24:18. “he that is in the field should not go back to take his coat.
24:19. “Woe to those who are with child and who nurse in those days.
24:20. “But pray that your flight is not in the winter or on the Sabbath.
24:21. “For then there shall be great tribulation, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, neither shall be.
24:22. “Unless those days had been shortened, no flesh should be saved, but for the sake of the elect those days shall be shortened.
24:23. “Then if any man shall say to you, 'Lo, here is the Christ,' or, 'There,' do not believe him.
24:24. “For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets and shall show great signs and wonders to such an extent as to deceive (if possible) even the elect.
24:25. “Behold, I have told it to you beforehand.
24:26. “If therefore they shall say to you, 'Behold He is in the desert,' do not go out. 'Behold He is in the closets;' do not believe it.
24:27. “For as lightning comes out of the east and appears even into the west, so shall the coming of the Son of man also be.
24:28. “Wherever the body shall be, there shall the eagles also be gathered together.
24:29. “Immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun shall be darkened and the moon shall not give her light and the stars shall fall from Heaven and the powers of Heaven shall be moved.
24:30. “Then shall appear the sign of the Son of Man in Heaven. Then shall all tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of Man coming in the clouds of Heaven with much power and majesty.
24:31. “He shall send His Angels with a trumpet and a great voice, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest parts of the heavens to the utmost bounds of them.
24:32. “From the fig tree learn a parable: when its branch becomes tender and the leaves come forth, you know that summer is near.
24:33. “So you too, when you shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.
24:34. “Truly I say to you that this generation shall not pass until all these things be done.
24:35. “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My words shall not pass away.
24:36. “But of that day and hour no one knows; no, not the Angels of Heaven, but the Father alone.
24:37. “As in the days of Noah, so shall the coming of the Son of Man also be.
24:38. “For, as in the days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, even until that day in which Noah entered into the ark,
24:39. “and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also shall the coming of the Son of Man be.
24:40. “Then two shall be in the field. One shall be taken and one shall be left.
24:41. “Two women shall be grinding at the mill. One shall be taken and one shall be left.
24:42. “Watch therefore, because you do not know what hour your Lord will come.
24:43. “But know this: that if the head of the house knew at what hour the thief would come, he would certainly watch and would not allow his house to be broken open.
24:44. “Be ready too, because the Son of Man will come at the hour which you do not know.
24:45. “Who, do you think, is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord has appointed over his family, to give them meat in season?
24:46. “Blessed is that servant, whom when his lord shall come he shall find doing it.
24:47. “Truly I say to you, he shall place him over all his goods.
24:48. “But if that evil servant shall say in his heart, 'My lord is long in coming,'
24:49. “and shall begin to strike his fellow servants and shall eat and drink with drunkards,
24:50. “The lord of that servant shall come in a day that he hopes not and at an hour that he does not know
24:51. “and shall separate him and appoint his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
The parable of the ten virgins and of the talents. The description of the last judgment.'
25:1. “Then shall the kingdom of heaven be comparable to ten virgins, who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom and the bride.
25:2. “Five of them were foolish and five wise.
25:3. “But the five foolish ones, having taken their lamps, did not take oil with them.
25:4. “But the wise ones took oil in their vessels with the lamps.
25:5. “The bridegroom tarried in coming; they all slumbered and slept.
25:6. “At midnight there was a cry made: 'Behold the bridegroom comes. Go out to meet him.'
25:7. “Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps.
25:8. “The foolish said to the wise, 'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.'
25:9. “The wise answered, 'There may not be enough for us and for you, go rather to the dealers that sell oil and buy some for yourselves.'
25:10. “Now while they went to buy the bridegroom came, and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage. The door was shut.
25:11. “But at last the other virgins also came, saying, 'Lord, Lord, open to us.'
25:12. “But he answered, 'Amen I say to you, I do not know you.'
25:13. “Watch therefore, because you do not know the day nor the hour.
25:14. “Just as a man going into a far country called his servants and delivered to them his goods,
25:15. “and to one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to another one, to each one according to his proper ability, and immediately he took his journey.
25:16. “He that had received the five talents went his way and traded with them and gained other five.
25:17. “In a similar manner he that had received the two gained other two.
25:18. “But he that had received the one, going his way, dug into the earth and hid his lord's money.
25:19. “But after a long time the lord of those servants came and reckoned with them.
25:20. “He that had received the five talents came forward and brought the other five talents, saying, 'Lord, you delivered five talents to me. Behold I have gained another five more.'
25:21. “His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant, because you have been faithful over a few things, I will place you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'
25:22. “He that had received the two talents also came forward and said, 'Lord, you delivered two talents to me. Behold I have gained other two.'
25:23. “His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant, because you have been faithful over a few things, I will place you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'
25:24. “But he that had received the one talent came and said, 'Lord, I know that you are a hard man; you reap where you have not sown and gather where you have not strewn.
25:25. “'Being afraid, I went and hid your talent in the earth. Behold here you have what is yours.'
25:26. “His lord said to him, 'Wicked and slothful servant, you knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather where I have not strewn.
25:27. “'You ought therefore to have given my money to the bankers, and at my coming I should have received my money with interest.
25:28. “'Take away therefore the talent from him and give it to him that has ten talents.
25:29. “'For to everyone that has more shall be given, and he shall abound, but from him that does not have, that also which he seems to have shall be taken away.
25:30. “'Cast out the unprofitable servant into the darkness outside.' There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
25:31. “When the Son of Man shall come in His majesty, and all the Angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the seat of His majesty.
25:32. “All nations shall be gathered together before Him, and He shall separate them from one another as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
25:33. “He shall set the sheep at His right hand, but the goats at His left.
25:34. “Then the King shall say to those who shall be at His right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, possess the Kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
25:35. “'For I was hungry, and you gave Me food; I was thirsty, and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger, and you took Me in;
25:36. “'naked, and you covered Me; sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me.'
25:37. “Then the just shall answer Him, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You,or thirsty and give You drink?
25:38. “'Or when did we see You a stranger and take You in? Or naked and cover You?
25:39. “'Or when did we see You sick or in prison and come to visit You?'
25:40. “The King shall say to them, 'Truly I say to you, as long as you did it to one of these My least brethren, you did it to Me.'
25:41. “Then He shall also say to those who shall be at His left hand, 'Depart from Me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, which was prepared for the devil and his angels.
25:42. “'For I was hungry and you did not give Me food; I was thirsty and you did not give Me drink.
25:43. “'I was a stranger and you did not take Me in; naked and you did not cover Me; sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.'
25:44. “Then they also shall answer Him, 'Lord, when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and did not minister to You?'
25:45. “Then He shall answer them, 'Truly I say to you, as long as you did not do it to one of the least of these, neither did you do it to Me.'
25:46. “These shall go into everlasting punishment, but the just shall go into everlasting life.”
The Jews conspire against Christ. He is anointed by Mary. The treason of Judas. The Last Supper. The prayer in the garden. The apprehension of our Lord. His treatment in the house of Caiphas.
26:1. It came to pass, when Jesus had ended all these words, He said to His disciples,
26:2. “You know that after two days shall be the pasch, and the Son of Man shall be delivered up to be crucified.”
26:3. Then the chief priests and ancients of the people were gathered together into the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.
26:4. They consulted together that by treachery they might apprehend Jesus and put Him to death.
26:5. But they said, “Not on the festival day, otherwise there might be a tumult among the people.”
26:6. When Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,
26:7. there came to Him a woman having an alabaster box of precious ointment and poured it on His head as He was at table.
26:8. The disciples seeing it had indignation, saying, “To what purpose is this waste?
26:9. “For this might have been sold for much and given to the poor.”
26:10. Jesus, knowing it, said to them, “Why do you trouble this woman? For she has wrought a good work upon Me.
26:11. “For you will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have Me.
26:12. “For she in pouring this ointment on My body has done it for My burial.
26:13. “Truly I say to you, wherever this Gospel shall be preached in the whole world, that also which she has done shall be told for a memory of her.”
26:14. Then one of the Twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests
26:15. and said to them, “What will you give me to deliver Him to you?” But they paid him thirty pieces of silver.
26:16. From that time he sought an opportunity to betray Jesus.
26:17. On the first day of the Feast of the Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do You wish that we prepare for You to eat the pasch?”
26:18. Jesus said, “Go into the city to a certain man and say to him, 'The Master says, “My time is near at hand. With you I will make the pasch with My disciples.”'”
26:19. The disciples did as Jesus instructed them, and they prepared the pasch.
26:20. But when it was evening, He sat down with His Twelve disciples.
26:21. While they were eating, Jesus said, “Truly I say to you that one of you is about to betray Me.”
26:22. They were very much troubled and everyone began to say, “Is it I, Lord?”
26:23. But Jesus said, “He that dips his hand with Me in the dish shall betray Me.
26:24. “The Son of Man indeed goes, as it is written of Him. But woe to that man by whom the Son of Man shall be betrayed. It would be better for that man if he had not been born.”
26:25. Judas, who betrayed Him, said, “Is it I, Rabbi?” Jesus said to him, “You have said it.”
26:26. While they were at supper, Jesus took bread, blessed, broke, and gave it to His disciples and said, “Take and eat. This is My Body.”
26:27. Taking the chalice, He gave thanks and gave it to them, saying, “Drink of this, all of you.
26:28. “For this is My Blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many for the remission of sins.
26:29. “I say to you, I will not drink again from this fruit of the vine until that day when I shall drink it new with you in the Kingdom of My Father.”
26:30. A hymn was sung as they went out to Mount Olivet.
26:31. Then Jesus said to them, “You shall all be scandalized in Me this night. For it is written:
I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be dispersed.
26:32. “But after I shall be risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.”
26:33. Peter said to Him, “Even though all others shall be scandalized in You, I will never be scandalized.”
26:34. Jesus said to him, “Amen I say to you that in this night before the cock crows, you will deny Me three times.”
26:35. Peter said to Jesus, “Even if I should die with You, I will not deny You.” In a similar manner all the disciples asserted the same.
26:36. Then Jesus came with them into a country place which is called Gethsemane. He said to His disciples, “Sit here, while I go further and pray.”
26:37. Taking with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, Jesus began to grow sorrowful and to be sad.
26:38. Then He said to them, “My soul is sorrowful to the point of death. Stay here and watch with Me.”
26:39. Going a little further, Jesus fell upon His face, praying and saying, “My Father, if it be possible, let this chalice pass from Me. Nevertheless, not as I will but as You will.”
26:40. Jesus came to His disciples and found them asleep. He said to Peter, “What? Could you not watch one hour with Me?
26:41. “Watch and pray that you do not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
26:42. Again the second time, Jesus went and prayed, “My Father, if this chalice may not pass away, but I must drink it, Your will be done.”
26:43. Jesus came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.
26:44. Leaving them, Jesus went again, and He prayed the third time, saying the same words.
26:45. Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Sleep now and take your rest. Behold the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man shall be betrayed into the hands of sinners.
26:46. “Rise, let us go. Behold he that will betray Me is at hand.”
26:47. As Jesus spoke, behold Judas, one of the Twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the ancients of the people.
26:48. Judas, before betraying Jesus, gave them a sign, saying, “Whomever I shall kiss, that is He. Hold Him fast.”
26:49. Immediately coming to Jesus, he said, “Hail, Rabbi.” He kissed Jesus.
26:50. Jesus said to him, “Friend, to what purpose have you come?” Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and held Him.
26:51. Behold one of them that was with Jesus, stretching forth his hand, drew out his sword, and striking the servant of the high priest, cut off his ear.
26:52. Then Jesus said to him, “Put away your sword into its place, for all that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
26:53. “Do you think that I cannot ask My Father, and He will immediately give Me more than twelve legions of Angels?
26:54. “How then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that so it must be done?”
26:55. In that same hour, Jesus said to the multitudes, “You have come out, as it were to a robber, with swords and clubs to apprehend Me. I sat daily with you, teaching in the Temple, and you did not lay hands on Me.”
26:56. Now all this was done that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then the disciples all left Him and fled.
26:57. But those holding Jesus led Him to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the scribes and the ancients were assembled.
26:58. Peter followed Him afar off, even to the court of the high priest. Going in, he sat with the servants, that he might see the end.
26:59. The chief priests and the whole council sought false witness against Jesus, that they might put Him to death,
26:60. yet were unable to find any, even though many false witnesses had come in. Two false witnesses came forward
26:61. and they said, “This man said, 'I am able to destroy the Temple of God and after three days rebuild it.'”
26:62. The high priest rose up and said to Jesus, “Do you not answer anything to the things which these witness against You?”
26:63. But Jesus held His peace. The high priest said to Him, “I adjure You by the Living God, that You tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God.”
26:64. Jesus said to him, “You have said it. Nevertheless I say to you, in the future you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the power of God and coming in the clouds of Heaven.”
26:65. Then the high priest rent his garments, saying, “He has blasphemed; what further need do we have of witnesses? Behold, now you have heard the blasphemy.
26:66. “What do you think?” But they answered,“He is guilty of death.”
26:67. Then they spat in His face and buffeted Jesus. Others struck His face with the palms of their hands,
26:68. saying, “Prophesy unto us, O Christ. Who is he that struck You?”
26:69. But Peter sat outside in the court. There came to him a servant maid, saying, “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.”
26:70. But he denied before them all, saying, “I do not know what you are saying.”
26:71. As he went out of the gate, another maid saw him, and she said to those who were there, “This man also was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
26:72. Again he denied with an oath, “I do not know the Man.”
26:73. After a little while, they that stood by came and said to Peter, “Surely you also are one of them. For even your speech reveals you.”
26:74. Then he began to curse and to swear that he did not know the Man. Immediately the cock crowed.
26:75. Peter remembered the word of Jesus which He had said, “Before the cock crows, you will deny Me three times.” Going out, he wept bitterly.
The continuation of the history of the passion of Christ. His death and burial.
27:1. When morning came, all the chief priests and ancients of the people took counsel against Jesus that they might put Him to death.
27:2. They brought Jesus bound and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate, the governor.
27:3. Then Judas, who betrayed Him, seeing that He was condemned, regretted what he had done and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and ancients,
27:4. saying, “I have sinned in betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? Look to it yourself.”
27:5. Casting down the pieces of silver in the Temple, he departed and went and hung himself with a halter.
27:6. But the chief priests having taken the pieces of silver, said, “It is not lawful to put them into the corbona, because it is the price of blood.”
27:7. After they had consulted together, they bought the potter's field with the pieces of silver, to be a burying place for strangers.
27:8. For this reason that field was called Haceldama, that is, the field of blood, even to this day.
27:9. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet: “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him that was prized, whom they prized of the children of Israel.
27:10. “And they gave them unto the potter's field, as the Lord appointed to me.”
27:11. Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked Him, “Are You the king of the Jews?” Jesus said to him, “You have said it.”
27:12. When He was accused by the chief priests and ancients, He answered nothing.
27:13. Then Pilate said to Him, “Do You not hear how great are the testimonies they allege against You?”
27:14. Jesus never answered him a word, so that the governor wondered exceedingly.
27:15. Now upon the solemn day the governor was accustomed to release to the people one prisoner, whomever they wished.
27:16. He had then a notorious prisoner that was called Barabbas.
27:17. The people being gathered together, Pilate said, “Whom do you wish that I release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus, that is called the Christ?”
27:18. For he knew that they had delivered Jesus out of envy.
27:19. As he was sitting in the place of judgment, his wife sent a message to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that just Man, for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of Him.”
27:20. But the chief priests and ancients persuaded the people that they should ask for Barabbas and do away with Jesus.
27:21. The governor asked them, “Which of the two do you wish to be released to you?” But they said, “Barabbas.”
27:22. Pilate said to them, “What shall I do then with Jesus that is called the Christ?” They all said, “Let Him be crucified.”
27:23. The governor said to them, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they cried out the more, “Let Him be crucified.”
27:24. Pilate, seeing that he had gained nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, taking water washed his hands before the people, saying, “I am innocent of the blood of this just Man. Look to it yourselves.”
27:25. All the people answered, “His blood be upon us and upon our children.”
27:26. Then he released Barabbas to them, and having scourged Jesus, delivered Him to them to be crucified.
27:27. Then the soldiers of the governor, taking Jesus into the hall, gathered together to Him the whole band.
27:28. Stripping Him, they put a scarlet cloak on Him.
27:29. Braiding a crown of thorns, they put it upon His head, and a reed in His right hand. Bowing the knee before Him, they mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews.”
27:30. Spitting upon Him, they took the reed and struck His head.
27:31. After they had mocked Him, they took off the cloak from Him and put His own garments on Him and led Him away to crucify Him.
27:32. Going out, they found a man of Cyrene, named Simon; they him forced to help carry His cross.
27:33. They came to the place that is called Golgotha, which is the place of Calvary.
27:34. They gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall. When Jesus had tasted it, He would not drink.
27:35. After they had crucified Him, they divided His garments and cast lots, that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled: “They divided My garments among them, and upon My vesture they cast lots.”
27:36. They sat and watched Him.
27:37. They put over His head the accusation against Him, written: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
27:38. Then two thieves were crucified with Him, one on the right hand and one on the left.
27:39. Those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads
27:40. and saying: “You that destroy the Temple of God and in three days rebuilds it, save Yourself. If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”
27:41. In a similar manner the chief priests also, with the scribes and ancients, mocked and said,
27:42. “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. If he is the king of Israel, let Him come down from the cross now, and we will believe Him.
27:43. “He trusted in God, let Him deliver Him now if He wants Him. For He said, 'I am the Son of God.'”
27:44. The thieves also that were crucified with Him reproached Him with the same thing.
27:45. Now from the sixth hour after dawn until the ninth hour after dawn, there was darkness over the whole earth.
27:46. About the ninth hour after dawn, Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” [That is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”]
27:47. Some that stood there and heard said, “This man is calling Elijah.”
27:48. Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed and gave it to Him to drink.
27:49. The others said, “Leave Him alone. Let us see whether Elijah will come to deliver Him.”
27:50. Jesus again cried with a loud voice, and yielded up the spirit.
27:51. Behold the veil of the Temple was rent in two from the top even to the bottom, and the earth quaked and the rocks were rent.
27:52. The graves were opened, and many bodies of the saints that had slept arose,
27:53. and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection, came into the holy city and appeared to many.
27:54. Now the centurion and those who were with him watching Jesus, having seen the earthquake and the things that were done, were terrified, saying, “Indeed this was the Son of God.”
27:55. There were many women there at a distance who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him,
27:56. among whom was Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joseph and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
27:57. When it was evening, there came a certain rich man of Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself was also a disciple of Jesus.
27:58. He went to Pilate and requested the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded that the body should be delivered.
27:59. Joseph took the body, wrapped it up in a clean linen cloth,
27:60. and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of a rock. He rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb and went his way.
27:61. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre.
27:62. The next day, which followed the day of preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees came together to Pilate,
27:63. saying, “Sir, we have remembered that that seducer said, while He was yet alive, 'After three days I will rise again.'
27:64. “Command therefore the sepulchre to be guarded until the third day, otherwise His disciples might come and steal Him away and say to the people, 'He has risen from the dead.' The last error shall be worse than the first.”
27:65. Pilate said to them, “You have a guard. Go, guard it as you know best.”
27:66. They departed and made the sepulchre secure, sealing the stone and setting guards.
The resurrection of Christ. His commission to His disciples.
28:1. At the end of the Sabbath, when it began to dawn towards the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the sepulchre.
28:2. Behold there was a great earthquake. For an Angel of the Lord descended from heaven, came and rolled back the stone, and sat upon it.
28:3. His countenance was as lightning and his raiment as snow.
28:4. For fear of him, the guards were struck with terror and became as dead men.
28:5. The Angel said to the women, “Do not fear, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.
28:6. “He is not here, for He has risen as He said. Come and see the place where the Lord was laid.
28:7. “Go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen. Behold, He will go before you into Galilee. There you shall see Him. Lo, I have foretold it to you.”
28:8. They went out quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy, running to tell His disciples.
28:9. Behold, Jesus met them and greeted them. But they came up and took hold of His feet and adored Him.
28:10. Then Jesus said to them, “Do not fear. Go, tell My brethren that they are to go into Galilee. They shall see Me there.”
28:11. When they had departed, behold, some of the guards came into the city and told the chief priests all the things that had been done.
28:12. They, being assembled together with the ancients and taking counsel, gave a great sum of money to the soldiers,
28:13. saying, “Say, 'His disciples came by night and stole Him away when we were asleep.'
28:14. “If the governor shall hear about this, we will tranquilize him and keep you safe.”
28:15. So they took the money and did as they were told, and this story was spread abroad among the Jews even to this day.
28:16. The Eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
28:17. Seeing Jesus, they adored Him; but, some doubted.
28:18. Jesus came and said to them, “All power has been given to Me in Heaven and on earth.
28:19. “Go, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
28:20. “teaching them to observe all the things I have commanded you. Behold I am always with you, even to the consummation of the world.”
- ↑ The poor in spirit. . .They whose heart is not set upon riches.
- ↑ Raca. . .A word expressing great indignation or contempt. Shall be in danger of the Sanhedrin . .That is, shall deserve to be punished by the highest court of judicature, called the Council, or Sanhedrin, consisting of seventy-two persons, where the highest causes were tried and judged, which was at Jerusalem. You fool. . .This was then looked upon as a heinous injury, when uttered with contempt, spite, or malice: and is severely condemned here. Shall be in danger of hell fire. . .literally, according to the Greek, shall deserve to be cast into the Gehenna of fire. They are words our Savior used to express the fire and punishments of hell.
- ↑ Scandalize you. . .That is, if it be a stumbling block, or occasion of sin to you. By which we are taught to fly the immediate occasions of sin, though they be as dear to us, or as necessary as a hand or an eye.
- ↑ Mammon. . .That is, riches, worldly interest.
- ↑ Prophets...means the teaching of the Prophets.
- ↑ Simple. . .That is, harmless, plain, sincere, and without guile.
- ↑ It appears this permission was not written in the Sacred Scriptures. It was most likely a concession made by Moses due to the stubbornness of the rebellious Israelites. We see in one of the Wisdom Books that advice is given to not dismiss a worthy wife, a thought which would not even enter the mind of the reader if it were not already permitted.
- ↑ That upon you may come, etc. . .Not that they should suffer more than their own sins justly deserved, but that the justice of God should now fall upon them with such a final vengeance, once for all, as might comprise all the different kinds of judgments and punishments that had at any time before been inflicted for the shedding of just blood.
- ↑ Wherever, etc. . .The coming of Christ shall be sudden, and manifest to all the world like lightning, and wherever He shall come, to there shall all mankind be gathered to Him, as eagles are gathered about a dead body.
- ↑ The sign, etc. . .The cross of Christ.
- ↑ Shall pass. . .Because they shall be changed at the end of the world into a new heaven and new earth.
- ↑ A talent was worth 6000 days' wages.
- ↑ It appears the chief priests had not originally intended to arrest Jesus during the feast, but that plan changed when Judas defected to their side.
- ↑ . . .you will not always have Me. . .Viz., in a visible manner, as when conversant here on earth; and as we have the poor, whom we may daily assist and relieve.
- ↑ Pasch. . .The paschal lamb.
- ↑ This is My Body. . .He does not say, This is the figure of My Body—but This is My Body. (2 Council of Nice, Act. 6.) Neither does He say in this, or with this is My Body; but absolutely, This is My Body, which plainly implies transubstantiation.
- ↑ Drink of this. . .This was spoken to the Twelve Apostles; who were the all then present; and they all drank of it, says St. Mark 14:23. But it no way follows from these words spoken to the Apostles, that all the faithful are here commanded to drink of the chalice; any more than that all the faithful are commanded to consecrate, offer and administer this sacrament; because Christ upon this same occasion, and at the same time, bid the Apostles do so; in these words, St. Luke 22:19, Do this for a commemoration of Me.
- ↑ Blood of the new testament. . .As the old testament was dedicated with the blood of victims, by Moses, in these words: This is the blood of the testament, etc., Heb. 9:20; so here is the dedication and institution of the new testament, in the Blood of Christ, here mystically shed by these words: This is the Blood of the new testament, etc.
- ↑ Fruit of the vine. . .These words, by the account of St. Luke 26:22. 18, were not spoken of the sacramental cup, but of the wine that was drunk with the paschal lamb. Though the sacramental cup might also be called the fruit of the vine, because it was consecrated from wine, and retains the likeness, and all the accidents or qualities of wine.
- ↑ Scandalized in Me, etc. . .My being apprehended shall make you all run away and forsake Me.
- ↑ Corbona. . .A place in the Temple where the people put in their gifts or offerings.
- ↑ The day of preparation. . .The eve of the Sabbath; called the day of preparation because on that day they prepared everything necessary, not being allowed so much as to dress their meat on the Sabbath day.
- ↑ Falling asleep while on guard was punishable by death.
- ↑ All power, etc. . .See here the warrant and commission of the apostles and their successors, the bishops and pastors of Christ's Church. He received from His Father all power in heaven and in earth, and in virtue of this power, He sends them (even as His Father sent Him, St. John 20. 21) to teach and make disciples of not one, but all nations, and instruct them in all truths, and that He may assist them effectually in the execution of this commission, He promises to be with them, not for three or four hundred years only, but always, even to the consummation of the world. How then could the Catholic Church ever go astray; having always with her pastors, as is here promised, Christ Himself, who is the Way, the Truth, and the Life. St. John 14.